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Crataegus pruinosa

Description

Waxy-fruited Hawthorn is a native shrubby tree in the rose family.

Critical features for identification of Crataegus sp.: Flower size, number of stamens, color of anthers, shape and hairiness of the leaves, terminal points of the lateral leaf veins, hairiness of the pedicels, length and curvature of the thorns, and characteristics of the fruit.

This plant is found at mesic to dry, loams to rocky soils.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    pruinosa
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Canada and Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    Eastern U.S. and southern Canada
    Wildlife Value:
    Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Small reddish to purplish pome with 3-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Short-stalked corymbs in the axils of leaves; few flowers per corymb.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Doubly Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Spirally arranged on long shoots. Oval-ovate to –dentate, widest below the middle; margins doubly serrate with 3-4 lobes each side
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Long thorns on branches 2.5”; young twigs reddish brown, usually crooked, bark gray, rough and scaly, fissuring with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young twigs are red-brown and smooth, not straight.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds