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Waxy-Fruited Hawthorn Crataegus pruinosa

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
krah-TEE-gus proo-in-NO-suh
Description

Waxy-fruited Hawthorn is a native shrubby tree in the rose family and is found over much of the Eastern USA and Canada. It can be variable depending on the part of the country it is found. It tends to grow in woodland margins, rocky hillsides, streambanks and roadsides.

The white flowers occur in spring and are followed by a pome that matures to red and has a whitish waxy coating. The stems have long thorns up to 2.5 inches long. It prefers full to partial sun in mesic to dry conditions in loam or clay-loam soil with some rocky materials. This tree is difficult to find sold commercially.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#bird friendly#mammals#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#food source#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#bird friendly#mammals#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    pruinosa
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Canada and Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AR , CT , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds and mammals. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small reddish to purplish pome with 3-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Short-stalked corymbs in the axils of leaves; few flowers per corymb. 3/4-1 inch across, 5 petals, 20 stamens with usually pink anthers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The alternate leaves are 1¼-2½" long and 1-2" across, oval-ovate or oval-deltate in shape and widest below the middle. The stems are ¾-2" in length, green to reddish and hairless. The tip is broadly pointed and base is rounded. Margins are shallowly lobed with 3-4 lobes on both sides and doubly serrated. Undersides are paler.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Bark gray, rough and scaly, fissuring with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Scales:
    Enclosed in more than 2 scales
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young twigs are red-brown, smooth and usually zig-zagged.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds