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Crataegus alabamensis

Common Name(s):

Description

Alabama Hawthorn is a native shrub in the rose family.

This plant is found at Open woods.

Critical features for identification of Crataegus sp.: Flower size, number of stamens, color of anthers, shape and hairiness of the leaves, terminal points of the lateral leaf veins, hairiness of the pedicels, length and curvature of the thorns, and characteristics of the fruit.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#small tree#songbirds#shrub#wildlife plant#moths#nectar plant#native shrub#cover plant#NC native#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum#nesting sites
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    alabamensis
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The leaves, berries, and flowers are used in medicines and herbals for cardiovascular health.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America, NC
    Distribution:
    AL, FL
    Wildlife Value:
    Important nectar flower for insects; food plant of many moths including the eggar moth; haws provide winter fruit for songbirds. Good nesting habitat with thorns providing protection from predators.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Small red pome with 1-5 pyrenes that resemble the “stones” in related plums, peaches, etc. Sometimes called the ‘haw’.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Inflorescence with 3-6 flowers, hypanthium hairy and white.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cuneate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Spirally arranged on long shoots. Petiole 20-30% of blade, hairy, oblong to cuneate, margins crenate-serrate.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth and gray bark, black with age
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds