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Croton Codiaeum variegatum

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
koh-dee-EYE-um var-ee-eh-GAY-tum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Evergreen shrub with alternate, simple leaves mottled with white, yellow, or red; flowers white

Found in: Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape as tender annual planted outdoors in summer

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are variegated red, yellow and green
  • Upright interior shrub with glossy, colorful leaves

Tropical evergreen shrub to 6', upright. 

Popular house shrub plant grown for its variously colored foliage; exterior foundation plant, hedge, specimen plant below frost like; blooms are insignificant, not showy 

Leaf variegation of yellow, red and green often changes with age; leaf shape variations often popular; spider mite susceptibility sometimes limits interiorscape use to short-term. 

Milky latex sap is an irritant to soft tissue, causing itching, swelling, and uncomfortableness; wash hands thoroughly when handling plant & keep hands away from the eyes. 

Cultivated material belongs to var. pictum. 

Prefers high light, direct sunlight; prefers dry soil and low to medium relative humidity; water liberally spring to autumn, sparingly in winter; increasing light exposure will increase variegation; pest/disease problems. Mist leaves regularly, daily if possible.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Mammy'
  • 'Petra'
Tags:
#poisonous#houseplant#variegated#interiorscape#ncemgva2018#fantz#evergreen shrub
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Mammy'
  • 'Petra'
Tags:
#poisonous#houseplant#variegated#interiorscape#ncemgva2018#fantz#evergreen shrub
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Codiaeum
    Species:
    variegatum
    Family:
    Euphorbiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Insignificant
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Description:
    A slender axillary raceme, at branch tips. White, insignificant, sticky.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple leaves mottled with white, yellow, or red. Linear to ovate, acute, entire or lobed, coriaceous, rugose, glossy, medium green variegated with white, yellow, red and/or red-purple darkened to nearly black; petiole & vein sap milky white.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    New growth green, old growth brown and woody with vertical fissures.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Allergic dermatitis with skin rash developing after repeated contact. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea when ingested.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Diterpene esters
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems