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Cicuta maculata is often confused with:
Daucus carota Daucus carota
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Aesculus sylvatica Aesculus sylvatica
Asclepias Asclepias spp.
Delphinium exaltatum Delphinium exatatum

Spotted Cowbane Cicuta maculata

Phonetic Spelling
sih-KYOO-tah mak-yoo-LAY-tah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Perennial herb with short tuberous roots and purple-striped or mottled, hollow stems with cross-partitions at the nodes and many of these at the base of the stem; leaves alternate, clasping the stem, 2-3 pinnately divided, the leaflets with the veins ending in the notch between the teeth; flowers small, white, in umbrella-like clusters

Site: Wet meadows, thickets, fresh water swamps

Found in: Forest or natural area in wet areas, pond, stream, or ditch banks

HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#NC native#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#NC native#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cicuta
    Species:
    maculata
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Dome-shaped cluster of small white flowers; no bracts beneath the umbels
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Lower leaves are up to 1 ft., doubly divided with veins ending at notches between the teeth; smooth, erect highly branched stem
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    Purple-striped or mottled, hollow stems with cross-partitions at the nodes and many of these at the base of the stem
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Muscle spasms, dilated pupils, dizziness, diarrhea, stomach pain, convulsions. Seizures, tremors, fever, bloat, respiratory depression
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Cicutoxin and cicutol
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems