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Chicory Cichorium intybus

Phonetic Spelling
sik-KOR-ee-um IN-tye-bus
Description

Chicory was introduced from Europe and has become naturalized over much of the nation. It prefers cool weather and doesn't do well in heat and humidity. The roots can be dried and used as a coffee substitute. It is weedy in fields, pastures and along roadsides and considered invasive in some states. The deep fleshy taproot exudes a milky sap when cut.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#weed#edible weed#blue flowers#long bloom time#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#weed#edible weed#blue flowers#long bloom time#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cichorium
    Species:
    intybus
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Edibility:
    Leaves can be used in salads. Roots can be dried and used as a coffee substitute.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    oblong and 5-ribbed achene
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1-1.5 inch flower heads with numerous bright blue rays are stalkless and grow along the stem. They are open in the morning and close up by noon unless it is cloudy.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The alternate leaves are up to 8" long and 2" across, becoming smaller as they ascend the stems. They are lance-shaped and resemble dandelion leaves at the base. Each leaf narrows gradually where it is either sessile or clasps the stem. There are usually conspicuous hairs along the central vein of the lower leaf surface.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Green to reddish-brown stems with the lower part having hairs
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Weedy