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Chrysogonum virginianum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
kris-OG-oh-num ver-jin-ee-AY-num
Description

Chrysogonum virginianum, commonly called Green and Gold, is a rhizomatous, low-growing perennial which typically forms an easily-controlled foliage mat 1-2' tall while spreading to 18" wide or more. It is native to woodland areas from Pennsylvania to Florida and Louisiana.  

Its uses in the garden are as a ground cover for woodland gardens, native plant gardens or naturalized areas.  It can be used as edging for woodland paths or in shaded areas of border fronts or rock gardens.

Green and Gold is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. This plant prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils in sun-dappled part shade. It will tolerate full sun only if grown in consistently moist soils.

Spent flower stems should be removed for best ground cover appearance. This plant can be grown from seed and may self-seed in the garden. Growth rate is moderate to rapid. There is some susceptibility to mildew.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Superstar'
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#yellow#songbirds#partial shade#spring#perennial#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#wildflowers#showy#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#shade#fire resistant#groundcover#rock gardens#native wildflower#food source fall#butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Superstar'
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#yellow#songbirds#partial shade#spring#perennial#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#wildflowers#showy#food source#low flammability#NC native#deer resistant#shade#fire resistant#groundcover#rock gardens#native wildflower#food source fall#butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chrysogonum
    Species:
    virginianum
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    It is native to woodland areas from Pennsylvania to Florida and Louisiana.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Its flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The seeds are eaten by songbirds.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscapes; moderately resistant to deer damage
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Horizontal
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Daisy-like, bright yellow flowers on stems originating in the leaf axils. In hot summer climates, bloom is profuse in spring, but usually becomes sparse or stops in the heat of the summer, with a light rebloom occurring in fall. Flowering stems rise above the foliage mat to a height of 8-10" tall. Each flower has five, rounded, slightly-notched, yellow petals and a center tuft of yellow disk flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Obovate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are medium green, simple, bluntly-toothed, long-stalked, with sparse hairs.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire
    Heavy Shade