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Sierra Leone Arrowroot Canna indica

Previously known as:

  • Canna edulis
Phonetic Spelling
KAN-uh IN-dih-kuh
Description

Arrowroot is a tropical pernnial plant that forms dense clumps and produces showy flame-red flowers.  

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Canna.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Collector’s Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Purpurea'
    Purplish leaves
'Purpurea'
Tags:
#showy flowers#perennial#red flowers#showy leaves#large leaves#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#tropical feel
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Purpurea'
    Purplish leaves
'Purpurea'
Tags:
#showy flowers#perennial#red flowers#showy leaves#large leaves#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#tropical feel
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Canna
    Species:
    indica
    Family:
    Cannaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical and Subtropical America
    Edibility:
    Leaves are edible
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Prickly 3-parted capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Colored Sepals
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Sheath
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No