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Callerya reticulata is often confused with:
Petrea volubilis Flower
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Rosa 'New Dawn' On trellis
Clematis terniflora form in landscape on arbor in late summer
Clematis x jackmanii Clematis x jackmanii

Callerya reticulata

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Milletia championii
  • Milletia cognata
  • Milletia kiangsiensis
  • Milletia purpurea
  • Millettia reticulata
  • Wisteriopsis reticulata
Phonetic Spelling
KAL-er-yah reh-tick-yoo-LAY-tuh
Description

Evergreen wisteria is a native of China, NE Vietnam, and Taiwan. Like true wisteria it is a woody climber with racemes of pea like flowers. However, as you can tell from its scientific name, Callerya reticulata, it is not a wisteria although both plants are part of the Legume (bean) family and the growth habit, leaves, flowers and fruit are similar. The genus name is in honor of of Joseph Callery, a French 19th century French missionary who traveled and collected botanical specimens in China. The species name 'reticulata' means 'netted' and refers to the pattern of the veining on the leaves.

This plant is hardy in regions 8-10 so it may be tender in parts of North Carolina. If you have an area sheltered from the winter weather you could try training it up a wall. This plant likes a sunny spot with fertile, well drained, loamy soil with a pH between 5.6 – 7.5. It can grow up to 15 ft tall and 6 ft wide so train it up an arbor, trellis or pergola to provide shade on a summer's day. Surprisingly, it can also be grown in a container. The flowers are scented so place the container where you can enjoy the fragrance. This plant requires moderate watering so don't let the container dry out and feed it with a water soluble fertilizer every 2 weeks. If you want more of them just plant a few seeds or take stem cuttings.

The fragrant flowers make this plant ideal for a fragrant garden but it would also be at home in an aromatherapy garden or a naturalistic landscape.

One the great things about his plant is that it has been used in Chinese folk medicine for many years. It is known as 'Chicken Blood Stem' due to the reddish resin contained within the stems. Traditionally it is used to treat blood, menstrual, and circulation related disorders. As it also has anti-inflammatory properties, it is used to relieve auto-immune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#purple flowers#trellises#vertical spaces#late summer flowers#arbor#early fall flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#purple flowers#trellises#vertical spaces#late summer flowers#arbor#early fall flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Callerya
    Species:
    reticulata
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    This plant has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for many years and is still used today. It's traditional uses have been to treat many kinds of blood disorders and also auto-immune disease. Recent investigations have shown the presence of flavonoid derivatives that have an inhibitory action on liver cancer cells in vitro. There is also a substance called genistien which has shown anti-cancer, anti-diabetes and anti-oxidant properties. Work is being done to investigate its use as a palliative cure for breast cancer. Genistien is also toxic to parasites like flukes, roundworms and tapeworms without being harmful to the host.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, NE Viet Nam, Taiwan
    Distribution:
    US, Japan, China, Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is food for the caterpillars of the Celastrina argiolus, Holly Blue butterfly (North America), Curetis acuta, Angled sunbeam butterfly (Indomalayan region), and Lampides boeticus, Pea blue or long-tailed blue butterfly (Iberian peninsula) It is pollinated by Ants, Beetles, Fies, Thrips, and Wasps.
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a pod which ripens to black as the season progresses. It can contain from 1 to 10 oblong black seeds. The pod will burst open when fully ripe and scatter the seeds as far away from the parent plant as possible.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flower on this plant is in the form of a raceme, or hanging bunch, of small, pea-like flowers in bluish-purple with yellow centers. The racemes can be 6 – 8 inches long and are carried in the axils of the leaves near the ends of the branches. They have a light perfume reminiscent of camphor or cedar. The removal of spent flowers will encourage blooming and prevent the formation of pods.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Papery
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of this plant are compound being made up of between 7 and 13 leathery leaflets. Each of these leaflets measures 1 – 3” long and less than 2 inches wide. They are somewhat oval in shape with a pointy tip. They feel papery to the touch.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Lenticels
    Bark Description:
    The bark on this plant begins with an attractive reddish-brown coloration which darkens to brown as it matures.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    The stem of this plant begins as a soft twining growth with an attractive reddish-brown color. As it matures it sends out many branches. Over time it becomes more and more woody and the color changes to brown. It can become a very thick stem or thin trunk.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Vertical Spaces
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators