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Japanese Gray Birch Betula populifolia 'Whitespire'

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Japanese Gray Birch:

Previously known as:

  • Betula platyphylla var. japonica 'Whitespire'
Phonetic Spelling
BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOH-lee-uh
Description

This plant has many benefits including the following: easy to transplant, resistance to birch borers, casts light shade, and tolerates heat, wind, and drought. However, it does not tolerate dry soils and has shallow roots.

Its form is pyramidal in youth.

 

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#black#full sun#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#white bark#tree#winter interest#high maintenance#upright#year-round interest#showy bark#fast growing#wind tolerant#smooth bark#birch#non-showy flowers#multitrunked#deciduous tree#fall color yellow
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#black#full sun#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#white bark#tree#winter interest#high maintenance#upright#year-round interest#showy bark#fast growing#wind tolerant#smooth bark#birch#non-showy flowers#multitrunked#deciduous tree#fall color yellow
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    populifolia
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Bronze birch borers.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-trunked
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Ovate nuts, 1.2-2.2 mm long, puberulous, wings 1.5-2 times wider, ripen fall-spring
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Non-showy flowers, unisexual, catkins. Yellow-brown male catkins appear in fall, remaining on tree through winter and opening in spring. Green female catkins are conelike 1/2" long, with 3-lobed scales.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Shiny 1.5"- 3" long 2"-3" wide, alternate, simple leaves ovate to triangular-ovate, unequally serrate to doubly serrate.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Light Gray
    White
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Smooth white bark even through maturity someitmes with a tinge of pink marked with black triangles.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Rough warty twigs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat
    Wind