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Wild Indigo Baptisia

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Wild Indigo:

Phonetic Spelling
bap-TEE-zee-uh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Baptisia spp. is a perennial herb with alternate, 3-parted leaves, turning black upon drying. Flowers either on long-stalked clusters above the leaves or axillary. Blooms can be white, blue, yellow, or bicolored depending on the species or cultivar and are irregular and pea-shaped.

They are known for being very tough, long-lived plants that tolerate a variety of conditions from drought, poor soil, dry soil, and erosion.  They also are resistant to deer browsing and have few insect pests and diseases.

Found in: Forest or natural areas in woodland borders and open woods; landscape in flower gardens as native, herbaceous perennials

Propagation: cutting; seeds

 

VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Mark Weathington, Director of JC Raulston Arboretum 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#white flowers#purple flowers#yellow flowers#native perennial#tough plant#spring flowers#disease resistant#NC native#pest resistant#deer resistant#herbaceous perennial#long lifespan#poor soils tolerant#NC Native Pollinator Plant#dry soils tolerant#erosion tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#white flowers#purple flowers#yellow flowers#native perennial#tough plant#spring flowers#disease resistant#NC native#pest resistant#deer resistant#herbaceous perennial#long lifespan#poor soils tolerant#NC Native Pollinator Plant#dry soils tolerant#erosion tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Baptisia
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and is a host plant for the ashgray blister beetle (adult version)
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer damage; tolerates drought, poor soils, dry soil, and erosion
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is an inflated, stalked pod with several seeds. The seeds inside of the pod are yellow to brown.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Flowers either on long-stalked clusters above the leaves or axillary. Flowers, having five petals each, stand up on a raceme or spike. Blooms are white, blue, purple-blue, or yellow and can be irregular and pea-shaped.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate 3-parted leaves, turning black upon drying. Leaves are entire, green, trifoliate, and can vary in shape from elliptical to obovate. Leaves seem to be in groups of 3 at the end of a stem.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Drought
    Erosion
    Insect Pests
    Poor Soil
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    THIS PLANT CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. Poisonous through ingestion: Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. All parts are poisonous.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Baptisin and cytisine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems