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Variegated Gold Dust Plant Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
aw-KEW-ba juh-PON-ih-kuh
Description

This spotted leaved aucuba grows slowly as a dense rounded evergreen shrub. It prefers rich, moist well-drained soil in partial to full shade.  Flowers appear in the in early spring and the foliage glossy, green blotched with yellow providing year-round interest.  It is used as a potted house plant in the north. They can tolerate heavy shade, air pollution and poor soils.  Their showy leaves are most colorful in the full shade and they provide a pop of color in dark corners as well as some interest during the winter months.    Propagate it by stem cutting or seed, but propagating from cutting ensures that you maintain the coloring of the plant.  In cold climates, it may die back in the winter.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Fairly problem-free.  Mealybugs, scale, and nematode are occasional problems.  Southern blight or fungal leaf spots do occur.  Root rot happens in poorly drained or very wet soils. 

Quick ID Hints:

  • Opposite,leaves with yellow flecks
  • Large, coriaceous leaves with waxy green stems

 

 

 

More information on Aucuba japonica.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Shade (Medium) Garden - Winter at the NHC Arboretum
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heavy shade#shade garden#showy leaves#variegated leaves#winter interest#interesting leaves#air pollution tolerant#hedges#screening#background#fantz#poor soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#heavy shade#shade garden#showy leaves#variegated leaves#winter interest#interesting leaves#air pollution tolerant#hedges#screening#background#fantz#poor soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aucuba
    Species:
    japonica
    Family:
    Garryaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    An ellipsoidal berry-like drupe, red, slightly more than 1 cm.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    An axillary cymose panicle. 1-5, maroon-burgundy, less than 1" wide.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Spotted leaves. Opposite, simple, elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, dentate, maculate- dark green with yellow spots/ blotches.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Succulent, green, glabrous and waxy, shield-shaped leaf scars connected by transverse stipular scar.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade
    Pollution
    Poor Soil