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Arethusa bulbosa

Phonetic Spelling
ar-e-thew-sa bul-BOH-suh
Description

Dragon's Mouth Orchid is a native wildflower in the orchid family that is native from Canada south to SC. It is found the mountains of NC and prefers boggy sites, wet meadows and especially sphagnum bogs.  It is a small plant, generally growing only a foot tall. A single beautiful pink flower per stem forms in spring to early summer with the grass-like leaf following. They are easy to overlook in their native habitat.

It is considered endangered in NC. Transplanting this orchid from the wild is rarely successful and they are generally not sold commercially.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#pink flowers#boggy#wet sites#NC native#summer flowers#magenta#magenta flowers#early summer flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#pink flowers#boggy#wet sites#NC native#summer flowers#magenta#magenta flowers#early summer flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Arethusa
    Species:
    bulbosa
    Family:
    Orchidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central & E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A south to SC
    Distribution:
    CT , DC , DE , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , VA , VT , WI Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is an erect capsule, ¾ to 1¼ inches long.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Description:
    Forms a single flower with three solid pink sepals that are splayed erect over the flower. Two petals similar to the sepals form a hood over the showy lower lip. The lower lip curves out and down revealing wrinkled edges and purple speckling with fleshy white to yellow bristles
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Sheath
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Flower stem with several tight narrow sheaths and an upper sheath-like leaf that extends after flowering to a narrow grass-like blade 7-10 inches long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Slender
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil