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Arctium minus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ARK-tee-um MY-nus
Description

Common Burdock is a wildflower in the aster family.  It can be found growing in waste places, roadsides, old fields, along trails and other disturbed locations.  

During its first year, this biennial plant is a low-growing rosette of basal leaves.  In it second year it can grow up to 6' tall with little branching below and short, flowering side stems above.

The pollen from the blooms is collected by bumblebees, honeybees, Miner bees and Leaf-cutting bees, who also feast on the nectar.  The foliage is a food source for the caterpillar of the Painted Lady butterfly.  

Its stout taproot is edible, its taste is sweet.  After peeling away the outer husk of the stem, the pith can be eaten as a vegetable.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Can be invasive and is often considered a weed. The seeds can be spread by both humans and animals.  The burs cling to clothing and animal fur and can be difficult to remove.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#fall flowers#lavender#biennial#weed#edible weed#purple flowers#pink flowers#weedy#fall interest#herbaceous#summer flowers#bracts#fields#globular#old fields#lavender flowers#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#fall flowers#lavender#biennial#weed#edible weed#purple flowers#pink flowers#weedy#fall interest#herbaceous#summer flowers#bracts#fields#globular#old fields#lavender flowers#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Arctium
    Species:
    minus
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Macaronesia, Europe to W. Siberia and Caucasus
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees, butterflies and skippers are attracted.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Edible roots.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Weed
    Wildflower
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Description:
    Round fruits with tiny hooks that inspired velcro.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Globular, prickly, pink to lavender flower heads. Overlapping green bracts with hooked tips enclose the numerous, tubular florets.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Soft
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Up to 18 in. ovate leaves. Lower leaves are heart shaped, dark green with woolly undersides; hollow leafstalk. The basal leaves are
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young stems have white hairs, resembling cobwebs. Older stems are stout, glabrous and veined. In circumference, they are round or slightly ridged.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Problems:
    Weedy