- Common Name(s):
- Kidney-leaved violet
Kidney-leaved violet is a wildflower in the Violaceae family. The irregular flowers are ¼ to ½ inch wide and solitary at the end of a leafless stalk that can be either hairy or smooth, and is usually shorter than the leaf stalks. The 5 petals are white with brown-purple lines on the lower 3 petals, fewer on the lateral petals. The spur at the back of the flower is rather short and rounded. Leaves have shallow rounded teeth, are basal and kidney shaped (hence the common name). Both leaf surfaces as well as the stalk can be hairy, or the upper leaf surface smooth with scattered hairs below or occasionally hairless throughout. Aboveground runners (stolons) are absent.
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June
Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. This plant is resistant to damage by deer.
Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems.
- 1-4 in.
- Broad heart-shaped leaves; does not produce runners
- White flowers
- Cool woods
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 2790