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Viola renifolia

Common Name(s):
Kidney-leaved violet

Kidney-leaved violet is a wildflower in the Violaceae family.  The irregular flowers are ¼ to ½ inch wide and solitary at the end of a leafless stalk that can be either hairy or smooth, and is usually shorter than the leaf stalks. The 5 petals are white with brown-purple lines on the lower 3 petals, fewer on the lateral petals.  The spur at the back of the flower is rather short and rounded. Leaves have shallow rounded teeth, are basal and kidney shaped (hence the common name).  Both leaf surfaces as well as the stalk can be hairy, or the upper leaf surface smooth with scattered hairs below or occasionally hairless throughout. Aboveground runners (stolons) are absent.

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring-Summer, April-June

Wildlife Value: Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees.  Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platypariaThis plant is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. 

1-4 in.
Broad heart-shaped leaves; does not produce runners
White flowers
Cool woods
Life Cycle:
bees, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, wildlife, deer resistant

NCCES plant id: 2790

Viola renifolia Viola renifolia
Cindy Kilpatrick, CC BY - 2.0
Viola renifolia Viola renifolia
Cindy Kilpatrick, CC BY - 2.0