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Solidago odora

Common Name(s):
Anise-scented goldenrod , Fragrant goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod
Edible Plants, Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers

Sweet goldenrod is a low maintenance native herbaceous perennial wildflower. Growing 2 to 3 feet tall, it has gracefully arching stems of yellow flowers which erupt from basal clumps in the late summer and early fall. It is primarily clump-forming and does not spread aggressively as do some of the other goldenrod species and hybrids.  This wildflower naturalizes well, is drought resitsant and tolerates clay soil.  It would grow well along a border or in a butterfly, cottage, or herb garden. Goldenrods have been wrongfully accused of causing hay fever which is actually an allergic reaction to wind-borne pollen from other plants such as ragweed. 

Regions: Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Late summer, August-September, fall;  Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall

Wildlife Value: It is moderately deer resistant. Attractive to bees and butterflies. Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asterisAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccataAndrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensisAndrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticinctaAndrena (Cnemidandrena) nubeculaAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplexPerdita (Perdita) octomaculataMelissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosusColletes simulansand Colletes solidaginis. Songbirds eat the seeds.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious insect or disease problems. Rust, powdery mildew, and leaf spot may occur.

This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.

2-4 ft.
Flower Color:
Fragrant leaves smell like anise. Smooth or downy stems have dark green leaves up to 4" long. They are lance-shaped, sessile, parallel-veined, untoothed and marked with translucent dots.
Yellow, daisy-like flowers bloom in late summer August-September. Flowers appear in branched plume-like clusters.
Upright, clumping
Average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerates poor, dry soils and light shade, but performs best in full sun.
Full sun
Average, well-drained
Leaves may be used in teas.
butterfly, songbirds, low maintenance, highly beneficial coastal plants, drought tolerant, bees, fragrant leaves, border, pollinator, fragrant, specialized bees, wildlife, cottage, cottage garden, herb garden, butterfly garden, deer resistant, clay soil

NCCES plant id: 3188

Solidago odora Solidago odora
Raffi Kojian, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Solidago odora Flower
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service,, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Solidago odora Solidago odora
James H. Miller & Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society,, CC-BY-SA-3.0
Solidago odora Solidago odora
Debbie Roos