- Common Name(s):
- English holly
- 'Aquifodina', 'Argentea', 'Britebush', 'Crinkle Variegated', 'Ferox Argentena', 'Marginata', 'Dapper', 'Ivory', 'Moonbeam', 'Zelta's Elite'
- Shrubs, Trees
English holly is an ornamental tree or tall hedge in the Aquifoliaceae family. It has glossy green leaves and thorns. It is effective as a specimen plant, grouped as a tall hedge, or foundation planting. It dislikes high temperatures and high humidity so use only in protected locations. You need to plant male and female plants to produce berries which provide color and fall interest. It tolerates air pollution. Prune in the winter as needed to maintain shape.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Evergreen Fruit/Nut/Seed: Fall
Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
Insects, Disesases, and Other Plant Problems: It can be challanging to grow in the south because it dislikes hot summers and cold winters.
- 15-50 ft.
- Dark green 1-3 in. alternate, simple, glossy, dark green wavy leaves with spines
- Insignificant greenish-white fragrant flowers, producing red, yellow, or orange berries (drupes) 1/4 inch diameter that ripen in fall, persist into winter and are attractive to birds
- Sun to partial shade especially in hot summers. Protect from cold winter winds. Well-drained soil; will not tolerate poor drainage
- Medium to coarse
- Erect, dense pyramidal; heavily branched
- 15-25 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- Slow in south
NCCES plant id: 2010