- Common Name(s):
- Carolina silverbell
- var. rubra , var. magniflora
- Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Halesia carolina, native the Southeast U.S., is a small understory tree with a broad, rounded crown or a large shrub. In the wild, Carolina silverbell typically does not exceed 35' in height (though specimens have been found in the 80-100' range), and is frequently shrubby in habit. They have a similar culture to a dogwood, and are not tolerant of difficult sites.
Its bark is red-brown with white stripes, forming a rough diamond shape when young. As the tree ages, ridges and furrows develope.
Regions: Mountain, Piedmont
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Fall Blooms: Early spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Summer
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Mourning Cloak, Eastern Comma, Red-spotted Purple, and Viceroy butterflies. Its buds and flower clusters are eaten by birds.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: The Carolina selverbell is susceptible to chlorosis in high pH soils.
- 20-40 ft.
- The Carolina silverbell features drooping clusters (usually 2-5 flowers each) of bell-shaped, white flowers (1/2") which appear in April shortly before or simultaneous to the point when the leaves emerge. Four-winged, brownish, nut-like fruits appear in the fall and often persist well into the winter.
- 5 to 8
- The Carolina silverbell is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils in part shade. This plant may be grown as a large, multi-stemmed shrub or trained as single trunk tree.
- Medium to coarse
- Rounded; open; irregular; low branches multistemmed
- Part shade, shade
- Nut-like fruits
- 15-35 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- The Carolina silverbell has dull, alternate, simple, finely toothed, dark yellowish-green, ovate-oblong leaves (2-5" long) that turn a somewhat attractive yellow in fall, but may drop rather early.
NCCES plant id: 2004