- Common Name(s):
- Green and gold
- Groundcover, Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Chrysogonum virginianum, commonly called Green and Gold, is a rhizomatous, low-growing perennial which typically forms a foliage mat to 3-4” tall spreading to 18" wide or more. It is native to woodland areas from Pennsylvania to Florida and Louisiana.
Its use in the garden are as a ground cover for woodland gardens, native plant gardens or naturalized areas. Can be used as edging for woodland paths. Also may be used in shaded areas of border fronts or rock gardens.
This plant produces a purple capsule that matures in the fall.
Regions: Piedmont, Coastal plains
Seasons of Interest:
Leaf: Blooms: Spring, summer Nut/Fruit/Seed: Fall
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage by deer. Its flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. The seeds are eaten by songbirds.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This plant has some susceptibility to mildew.
- Spring to early summer
- Shade to part shade
- 1-2 ft.
- Flower Color:
- USDA Hardiness Zone 5-9
- Green and Gold has pairs of oblong to egg-shaped leaves. The leaves are 1-3 in., medium green, simple, bluntly toothed, long-stalked, with sparse hairs.
- Green and Gold have a star-shaped, daisy-like, bright yellow flowers (to 1.5” diameter) on stems originating in the leaf axils. They bloom spring to fall in cool summer climates. In hot summer climates such as St. Louis, bloom is profuse in spring, but usually becomes sparse or stops in the heat of the summer, with a light rebloom occurring in fall. Flowering stems rise above the foliage mat to a height of 8-10" tall. Each flower has five, rounded, slightly-notched, yellow petals and a center tuft of yellow disk flowers.
- Semi-Evergreen; herbaceous perennial
- Green and Gold are easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils in sun-dappled part shade. Tolerates full sun only if grown in consistently moist soils. Spreads by rhizomes to form an attractive ground cover, but is easily controlled. Remove spent flower stems for best ground cover appearance. Easily grown from seed and may self-seed in the garden.
- 6-9 in.
- Division in spring
- Sun to partial shade
- Moist, well-drained
- Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
- North America, North Carolina
- Growth Rate:
- Moderate to rapid
- Life Cycle:
NCCES plant id: 256