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Golden Colicroot Aletris aurea

Previously known as:

  • Wurmbea bullata
Phonetic Spelling
AY-le-triss AW-ree-uh
Description

Aletris aurea, or Golden Colicroot, is a native herbaceous perennial of the lily family found in pine savannas, seepage bogs, and pine flatwoods in the coastal plains and sandhills of North Carolina, although it is uncommon. Its native range is Virginia, south to Florida, and west to Texas. The plant is difficult to maintain in cultivation and is rarely offered for sale; the NC Native Plant Society does not recommend this plant for home gardens. 

Golden Colicroot prefers full sun, but tolerates partial shade. It does well in moist, even wet, soil and is often an indicator of a swampy or boggy site.It is characterized by a long spike of small, golden-yellow, bell-shaped flowers.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:

No known disease or pest issues.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#yellow flowers#native perennials#NC native#native wildflower#food source summer#food source nectar#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#butterfly friendly#pollinators#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#yellow flowers#native perennials#NC native#native wildflower#food source summer#food source nectar#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#butterfly friendly#pollinators#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aletris
    Species:
    aurea
    Family:
    Liliaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Aletris root is used in herbal medicine to treat stomach problems such as colic, constipation, diarrhea, gas, and upset stomach.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern and south central U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MD , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX , VA
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts butterflies and other pollinators.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heat tolerant.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit displays in August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Spike of golden yellow tubular 6 petaled small 1/4 inch flowers bloom from May to July. Flowers are campanulate, more than 2 times or less as long as broad, with erect lobes. The tepals (petals and sepals) are golden yellow in color and have a “mealy” surface.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The thin leaves are oval to lance-shaped and 4-8 inches long and a basal rosette forms at the base of the stem. The leaves are veined, but not needle-like or scaly.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Poor Soil
    Wet Soil