Plant DetailShow Menu

Century Plant Agave salmiana

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Century Plant:

Phonetic Spelling
a-GAH-vay salm-ee-AH-na
Description

A perennial, very large, evergreen succulent that grows in a rosette.  It rapidly grows to 8 to 10 feet tall with equal spread, eventually producing a single massive and tall candelabra inflorescence.  The inflorescence rises to over 20 to 40 feet in height, bearing small yellow flowers that attract birds, hummingbirds, and bees.

Plant in full sun to light shade and well-drained soil.  It tolerates poor soil and drought.  The plant form offsets at the base that can be easily divided.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Agave.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Xeriscape Dry Sun Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun tolerant#drought tolerant#perennials#specimen#shrub#succulent#slow growing#low maintenance#accent plant#security plant#agave#spiny leaves#poor soils tolerant#partial shade tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#full sun tolerant#drought tolerant#perennials#specimen#shrub#succulent#slow growing#low maintenance#accent plant#security plant#agave#spiny leaves#poor soils tolerant#partial shade tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Agave
    Species:
    salmiana
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern and central Mexico
    Distribution:
    Mexican states of Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Colima, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, and Puebla
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts birds, hummingbirds and bees
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    poor soil, drought
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Succulent
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Description:
    15 to 40-foot flower stalk when plant is 15 years old or more. The plant dies after flowering.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Smooth
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Strap shaped, waxy, blue-gray, long and broad leaves to 5 feet long in length when mature.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pool/Hardscape
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Security
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Hummingbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Poor Soil