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Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora

Phonetic Spelling
ES-kew-lus par-vih-FLOR-ah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Golden-yellow fall color; colonies; a mound of large, compound leaves; spread of 10'; attracts hummingbirds and Eastern swallowtail butterflies; spreads by suckers; foliage is relatively disease-free; can be severely pruned to rejuvenate; native to the eastern US. 

Family name Sapindaceae (formerly Hippocastanaceae)

Description:

Deciduous shrub spreading by root sprouts; leaves opposite, palmately divided with 5 leaflets; flowers white in a long, terminal cluster, each with the stamens longer than the 4 petals; fruit is a smooth, leathery capsule with 1-3 large, shiny, brown seeds each with a pale scar (the "buck's eye")  Stunning in flower, can be massed or used as specimen.

Poison part: Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts

Found in: Landscape, as cultivated flowering woody shrub

Quick ID Hints:

  • Opposite, palmately compound leaves
  • Erect inflorescence, white flowers
  • Stamens extend out 1 inch from petals
  • Buds appear white when small
  • 8-12' tall, 8-15' wide, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub or small tree.
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Rogers'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#full sun#partial shade#summer#drought tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#yellow leaves#swallowtail butterflies#fall interest#cpp#spreading#summer flowers#woody shrub#flowering shrub#gold leaves#native garden#pollinator plant#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Rogers'
Tags:
#hummingbirds#white#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#poisonous#full sun#partial shade#summer#drought tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#yellow leaves#swallowtail butterflies#fall interest#cpp#spreading#summer flowers#woody shrub#flowering shrub#gold leaves#native garden#pollinator plant#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aesculus
    Species:
    parviflora
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern USA (Native to eastern US)
    Wildlife Value:
    attracts hummingbirds and Eastern swallowtail butterflies
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    tolaretes some drought, foliage is relatively disease-free, and can be severely pruned to rejuvenate
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Spreading
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This plant has 1 to 3 in. pear-shaped capsules containing a polished, brown seed that opens in late September/October. Fruit is a smooth, leathery capsule with 1-3 large, shiny, brown seeds each with a pale scar (the "buck's eye").
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Creamy, white, spidery flowers in summer on 6-24" panicles with red anthers. These flowers are white, long, terminal clusters, each with the stamens longer than the 4 petals. Inflorescence - erect with 4 petaled flowers on 8-12" long panicles. Stamens stand out about an inch beyond petals and are pinkish.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Opposite palmately compound leaves with 5 to 7 leaflets; medium to dark green; golden yellow to yellow-green fall color. Leaflets are each 3-8" long and 1-4" wide, medium to dark green above, gray-green and pubescent below, serrulate-crenate margin, petiole 3-5".
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Scaly
    Stem Description:
    Raised lenticels on gray/brown stem. Buds appear white when small, usually 4 scales showing.
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Poisonous if ingested. HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Symptoms may include muscle weakness and paralysis, dilated pupils, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, paralysis, and stupor. (Poison parts: Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts)
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Glycose aesculin, saponin aescin, possibly alkaloids.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Seeds
    Stems