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Acer saccharum subsp. leucoderme

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Acer leucoderme
Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser sah-KAY-rum loo-koh-DERM
Description

Chalk maple is a small "version" of a sugar maple tree with an oval to rounded crown. In nature, it can be found in rocky slopes and bluffs, particularly over mafic or calcareous rock. Plant in full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil.  The tree will often grow multi-stemmed unless trimmed as single stem style when young.

The name "chalk maple" (in addition to the Latin name, meaning "white skin") comes from the attractive smooth and thin chalky white or light gray bark on mature trees. The bark becomes ridged and blackish at the base as it ages.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#crimson#food source summer#red#sun tolerant#pest resistant#food source nectar#red leaves#sun#orange#flower#food source mid-summer#crimson leaves#dappled sunlight#sunshine#deciduous#summer fruits#Braham Arboretum#part sun#part shade#food source pollen#food source#bird friendly#full sun#food source hard-mast fruit#shade tolerant#shade tree#green flowers#yellow#full sun flowers#yellow leaves#food source spring#pollinators#piedmont#samara#yellow flowers#dry soils tolerant#spring fruits#bees#food source fall#fruit#well-drained soil#NC native#flowering#tree#fruits#multistemmed#pollinator plant#food source herbage#native#food source hard mast fruit#flowering shrub#maple#deep shade#moist#fall color#pollinator garden#fall fruits#birds#deciduous tree#flowering tree#small and large mammals#orange leaves#flowers#butterfly friendly#samaras#native tree#spring interest#partial sun#heat tolerant#mountains#audubon#drought tolerant#native garden#partial shade#moist soil#full sunlight#summer interest#fall interest#butterflies#spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    saccharum subsp. leucoderme
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Shade trees, bonsai, maple syrup.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Native (USA)
    Distribution:
    Southeast; TX to NC and south to northwest FL
    Wildlife Value:
    Early spring source of nectar for bees. The seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals. Butterflies and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Shade
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Pest free, highly shade and drought tolerant, and heat tolerant
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a paired brown samara, less than an inch long, with a 50 to 60 degree angle maturing in autumn. In North Carolina, samaras are available from May to September.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Raceme
    Umbel
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Description:
    Regular & pentamerous. In North Carolina, the greenish-yellow flowers are available from March to April.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Opposite, simple leaves; brilliant yellow-orange to cardinal crimson fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Light Gray
    White
    Bark Description:
    Pale gray to chalky white bark on upper part of trunk. The bark becomes ridged and blackish at the base as it ages.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Hairy tips
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Fine, reddish brown, with vertical lenticels. Essentially glabrous.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Understory Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat
    Insect Pests