Plant DetailShow Menu

White Maple Acer saccharinum

Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser sak-kar-EYE-num
Description

Silver maple is a large shade tree in the Sapindaceae family.  It gets its common name from the silvery undersides of its leaves. It is native to eastern North America and is often found in flood plains, along streams or rivers, or low-lying woodlands.  It has attractive gray to dark brown bark that as the tree matures develops a shaggy appearance as the bark develops long thin flaky scales that exfoliate at the ends.  This tree grows at a rapid pace and has a graceful form making it a once very popular landscape tree.  It has fallen out of favor recently because of its weak wood and tendency toward breakage.  It would make an excellent addition to a rain garden as it can grow in areas of poor soil or wet conditions where other stronger wooded trees cannot.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems though scale and borers may be present. Verticillium wilt, anthracnose, and canker can affect stressed trees. Silver maples grow rapidly so they tend to have weak brittle branches that are susceptible to breaking in high winds or when coated with ice/snow in winter. Shallow roots may damage nearby sidewalks.

Site: Full sun and olerates a

Cultivars:
  • 'Blair'
  • 'Lutescens'
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#full sun#rain garden#drought tolerant#tree#maple#woodland garden#dry soil#air pollution tolerant#wet sites#rapid growth rate#poor soils#trees#grows fast
Cultivars:
  • 'Blair'
  • 'Lutescens'
Tags:
#deciduous#shade tree#full sun#rain garden#drought tolerant#tree#maple#woodland garden#dry soil#air pollution tolerant#wet sites#rapid growth rate#poor soils#trees#grows fast
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    saccharinum
    Family:
    Sapindaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    It is native to eastern North America and is often found in floo
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Oval
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Insignificant, greenish yellow to red flowers in early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3 to 6 in. opposite, simple leaf with 5 deeply cut lobes; silvery underside; medium green on top, yellow, brown combination fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Shaggy
    Bark Description:
    It has attractive gray to dark brown bark that as the tree matures develops a shaggy appearance as the bark develops long thin flaky scales that exfoliate at the ends.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Silver maples grow rapidly so they tend to have weak brittle branches that are susceptible to breaking in high winds or when coated with ice/snow in winter.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Pollution
    Poor Soil
    Wet Soil