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Fullmoon Maple Acer japonicum

Phonetic Spelling
AY-ser juh-PON-ih-kum
Description

Acer japonicum, has rounded leaves look much like a  full moon, hence the common name. It is a deciduous, spreading, small tree or large shrub with smooth, gray bark that grows up to 20-30’ tall. It often grows in a multi-trunked form. It is native to mountainous areas of Japan, Manchuria, and Korea.  Leaves turn yellow and red in fall.  Small purplish-red flowers in pendulous corymbs appear in early spring (April) before the leaves.

 

Site: Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil but is adaptable

Texture: Medium to fine

Form: Upright; multi-branching; sturdy, stiff twigs; rounded top

Growth Rate: Slow to moderate

Cultivars:
  • 'Green Cascade'
  • 'Nicholsonii'
  • 'Vitifolium'
Tags:
#purple#red#sun#deciduous#fall color#small tree#full sun#partial shade#spring#shrub#purple flowers#red flowers#tree#maple#fall foliage#japanese maple#samara#large shrub#purple flower
Cultivars:
  • 'Green Cascade'
  • 'Nicholsonii'
  • 'Vitifolium'
Tags:
#purple#red#sun#deciduous#fall color#small tree#full sun#partial shade#spring#shrub#purple flowers#red flowers#tree#maple#fall foliage#japanese maple#samara#large shrub#purple flower
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Acer
    Species:
    japonicum
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    mountainous areas of Japan, Manchuria, and Korea
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Flowers are followed by winged 1" samaras which ripen in late summer to early fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Small purplish-red flowers in pendulous corymbs appear in early spring (April) before the leaves. White and maroon flowers on long stalks in April; colors maroon red in fall.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Rounded, palmate (looks fern-line) opposite, 3-6" medium green leaves with 7 to 11 acuminate, toothed and cut, ovate to lance-shaped lobes.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    multibranching and stiff twigs