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Colorado Fir Abies concolor

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Picea concolor
Phonetic Spelling
AY-bees KON-kol-or
Description

Withstands heat and drought better than most firs. It is a narrow pyramidal evergreen tree with horizontal branches and drooping lower branches.

The native range is the western United States to northern Mexico (Baja California to northeastern Sonora, and northern Chihuahua). Distribution Map

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Candicans'
Tags:
#purple#evergreen#full sun#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#light shade#needles#cones#large tree#conifer#blue-green#pryamidal
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Candicans'
Tags:
#purple#evergreen#full sun#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#light shade#needles#cones#large tree#conifer#blue-green#pryamidal
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Abies
    Species:
    concolor
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This plant has 5 in. cylindrical cones that can be green and brown- or even have a purple bloom when young. If brown, the cones can look shiny/ glossy, and when they open, they have many papery layers of small openings.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2 in. blue green needles
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Orange
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Irregular
    Bark Description:
    When the tree is younger, the bark can nearly look smooth (which is quite different to when it is older with many irregular plates). When young, the bark can look light gray to light brown with hints of orange underneath.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat