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Golden Alexanders Zizia trifoliata

Other plants called Golden Alexanders:

Previously known as:

  • Zizia arenicola
  • Zizia bebbii
  • Zizia latifolia
Phonetic Spelling
ziz-EE-ah try-foh-lee-AY-tuh
Description

Zizia trifoliata, Meadows Alexander, is a plant found throughout the eastern parts of the U.S. such as Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Minnesota, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vancouver, and Wyoming. Requiring shade, it is often seen in mesic hardwood forests.  In North Carolina, it is rarely found along the coast, mainly in locations with very rich soil.   

Wildlife Value: Members of the genus Zizia support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Micrandrena) ziziae.

Habitat: Moist forests, woodlands, and woodland borders

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wildlife plant#native perennial#nectar plant#specialized bees#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#pollinator plant#native wildflower#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#native#butterfly friendly#FACU Piedmont Mountains#pollinator garden#bee friendly#audubon#black swallowtail butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wildlife plant#native perennial#nectar plant#specialized bees#herbaceous#herbaceous perennial#pollinator plant#native wildflower#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#native#butterfly friendly#FACU Piedmont Mountains#pollinator garden#bee friendly#audubon#black swallowtail butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zizia
    Species:
    trifoliata
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    US Southeast
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, KY, MD, NC, SC, TN, VA, WV
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant supports Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes) larvae which appear between April and October and have one to two flights in the north or three flights in the south. Adult Black Swallowtail butterflies feed on flower nectar from thistles, milkweed and red clover.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Blooms from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Has both basal and stem leaves, divided into smaller leaflets. The leaves have strong and large teeth, but only a few along the margin.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees