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Meadow Zizia Zizia aptera

Phonetic Spelling
ZIZ-ee-uh AP-ter-uh
Description

Heart-leaf Golden-Alexanders is a herbaceous perennial found in moist woodland areas or clearings.  It can grow singly or in small colonies/clumps.  Its flat-topped clusters of flowers bloom in late spring to early summer.   

Bees, pollinating flies, butterflies, beetles, and other plant insects seek the nectar and pollen from this plants flowers.  The caterpillars of the black swallowtail butterfly eat the foliage.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  The late summer foliage may become depleted.  This plant may be short-lived.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deer resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deer resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Zizia
    Species:
    aptera
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NH, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, WA, WI, WV, WY
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees and flies are attracted by the plants' nectar. The Black Swallowtail butterfly caterpillars eat the foliage.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    The fruits are displayed from July to August. They are a small fruit with 5 angular ribs that replace each flower.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flowers bloom from April to May. They grow as 2-3" clusters of 7-15 smaller clusters, each having 10-20 1/8" flowers. The flowers do not open fully.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Undivided basal leaves attach to the stem by way of 2-3" petioles. As you progress up the stem, the leaves are smaller and the petioles are shorter. The upper leaves may be compound.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The stems are hairless and rounded. Vertical light green lines are present.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Rain Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds