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Horned Violet Viola cornuta

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vy-OH-la kor-NOO-tuh
Description

Native to the Pyrenees, this popular pansy with a light fragrance is often used as a bedding plant. They spread by creeping, ascending stems to 12” wide. The common name, Horned Violet, refers to the long nectar spur.  Pansy flowers can be distinguished from violets but examining the petals.  Pansys have four petals facing up and one facing down.

They grow best in humusy, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. They tend to bloom during cooler weather and stop during the heat of summer. There are many cultivars that extend the color palate. 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#fall flowers#biennial#perennial#spring flowers#winter interest#multicolored#wildflower garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#showy flowers#partial shade#fall flowers#biennial#perennial#spring flowers#winter interest#multicolored#wildflower garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viola
    Species:
    cornuta
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    France and Spain
    Wildlife Value:
    Nectar from the flowers attract butterflies and bees. Members of the genus Viola support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Variegated
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Lipped
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flowers have 5 petals in two-tones colors of white, lavender and blues. 4 petals a upright or fanned and 1 petal faces downward.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Rounded, toothed, evergreen leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies