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Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Viburnum plicatum var. tomentosum
Phonetic Spelling
vih-BUR-num ply-KAY-tum toh-men-TOH-sum
Description

Doublefile viburnum is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub that is commonly found in the landscape. This shrub is native to China and Japan and grows 8 to 10 feet tall and as wide. It is multi-stemmed and has horizontal branching giving a layered appearance. The white flowers in spring are showy cymes followed by red to black fruit the birds love. Fall leaf color is red to purple. It grows well in sun to part shade and is adaptable to soil types. Prune as needed after flowering.

Showy blooms occur 'double-file', in axils of leaves with one on each side of a node on horizontal branches in late spring. The lace-capped flowerhead has showy sterile flowers that encircle non-showy inner fertile flowers. It is easily identified by its leaves which are ovate, pubescent, and appear pleated with serrate margins. The pleats are comprised of nearly straight, impressed veins.

Plant in moist well-drained soil with mulch around the roots to keep them cool and moist. Tolerates full sun to partial shade. Use as a hedge, as a foundation shrub, in the shrub border, or as a specimen. This shrub is easily transplanted.

Seasons of Interest:

Bloom: Spring        Foliage:  Spring, Summer, and Fall       Fruits:  Fall

Quick ID Hints:

  • Opposite, ovate, pleated, pubescent, serrate, leaves
  • Axillary, late spring blooms on each side of nodes
  • lace-capped flowerhead with small fertile flowers that are ringed by showy sterile ones

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  There are no serious insect or disease problems. 

VIDEO created by Andy Pulte for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy and Morphology” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee.

 

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Foundation Planting- West Side of House
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Fireworks'
  • 'Mariesii'
    Distinctively layered horizontal branching.
  • 'Molly Schroeder'
  • 'Nanum Semperflorens'
  • 'Shasta'
    Matures at 6-8 feet by 10-12 feet
  • 'Summer Snowflake' Flower and leaves
    Showy white flowers
  • 'Summer Stars'
  • 'Watanabe'
'Fireworks', 'Mariesii', 'Molly Schroeder', 'Nanum Semperflorens', 'Shasta', 'Summer Snowflake', 'Summer Stars', 'Watanabe'
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#drought tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#low maintenance#fall interest#hedges#deer resistant#foundation planting#fantz#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#shrub borders#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Fireworks'
  • 'Mariesii'
    Distinctively layered horizontal branching.
  • 'Molly Schroeder'
  • 'Nanum Semperflorens'
  • 'Shasta'
    Matures at 6-8 feet by 10-12 feet
  • 'Summer Snowflake' Flower and leaves
    Showy white flowers
  • 'Summer Stars'
  • 'Watanabe'
'Fireworks', 'Mariesii', 'Molly Schroeder', 'Nanum Semperflorens', 'Shasta', 'Summer Snowflake', 'Summer Stars', 'Watanabe'
Tags:
#showy flowers#deciduous#drought tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#low maintenance#fall interest#hedges#deer resistant#foundation planting#fantz#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#shrub borders#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Viburnum
    Species:
    plicatum
    Family:
    Viburnaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China and Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attract butterflies and fruit is a winter food source that attracts birds. This plant is mildly resistant to damage by deer.
    Play Value:
    Colorful
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit is an ovoid drupe, red to black.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Blooms are 2 to 4 inches wide, flat-topped, and appear in cymes with the outer florets being sterile and inner florets being fertile. They are held above foliage giving it a layered look. The blooms are white and fade to pink. They bloom in mid-spring and then sporadically through the summer months.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Oval dark green leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and 1-2 inches wide, pubescent, and have serrated margins. The fall color is reddish-purple. Fine hairs are on stems and leaf undersides.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Orange
    Bark Description:
    The bark is grayish-brown and smooth with orange lenticels.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Smooth/Hairless
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Stems are brown-dark gray with orange lenticels and are horizontal and overlapping, There are two branches per node, and the young branches are tomentose.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought