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Swamp Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium formosum

Phonetic Spelling
vak-SIN-ee-um for-MOH-sum
Description

Swamp Highbush Blueberry is a deciduous shrub in the heath family.  It is native to the southeastern U.S.A. and is commercially important to the area.

Habitat: Bogs, swamps (especially blackwater, or at least where away from strong alluvial influence), seepages, depression ponds (dolines), other moist ground

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

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Tags:
#hummingbirds#deciduous#deciduous shrub#native shrub#NC native#pollinator plant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains OBL#bird friendly#mammals#butterfly larvae#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#deciduous#deciduous shrub#native shrub#NC native#pollinator plant#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#food source soft-mast fruit#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains OBL#bird friendly#mammals#butterfly larvae#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Species:
    formosum
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval host plant for butterflies.
    Edibility:
    Fruits are edible fresh or cooked.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 13 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Blueberries with glaucus bloom. Displays from June to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are longer than other high bush blueberries. Blooms from February to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Woody old growth is brown and exfoliating.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Description:
    Young stems have green bark
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds