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Elliott's Blueberry Vaccinium elliottii

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
vak-SIN-ee-um el-ee-OT-ee-eye
Description

Elliott's Blueberry is an edible deciduous shrub in the heath family found in the coastal plains of North Carolina and along riverbanks, thickets, and bottomland forests.   Plant in the full sun to partial shade in acidic soils.  It can be easily confused with other rabbiteye blueberries, but it differs in the fact that it has smaller leaves with a length of only 1" long and numerous slender round hairy stems.  To make harvesting the fruit easier, prune the fruit ripens so plants do not become too tall the following year.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Vaccinium.

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Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#deciduous shrub#native shrub#fall interest#NC native#thickets#glossy leaves#pollinator plant#black fruits#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#fall color red#butterfly friendly#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#deciduous shrub#native shrub#fall interest#NC native#thickets#glossy leaves#pollinator plant#black fruits#larval host plant#summer fruits#food source summer#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#fall color red#butterfly friendly#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Vaccinium
    Species:
    elliottii
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals. Stems provide browsing for deer.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heat and drought tolerant.
    Edibility:
    Fruits are highly edible fresh or cooked.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from May to June.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Urn
    Flower Petals:
    fused petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers emerge before leaves on previous year's wood. Elongated bell-shaped white or pink. Blooms from February to April.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    1" long elliptical shiny dark green leaves with finely serrate margins. Scarlet red fall color remains on shrub well into winter.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Bark Description:
    Reddish-brown and exfoliating.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Slender and numerous young stems are green
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds