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Wheel Tree Trochodendron aralioides

Phonetic Spelling
tro-koh-DEN-dron a-ray-lee-OH-id-eez
Description

Wheel Tree is an evergreen tree or shrub from Asia and the only surviving species in the genus. It grows 10-20 feet tall and wide and taller if pruned as a tree. The leathery glossy leaves are in whorls around the terminal bud giving it an umbrella-like appearance. Spring flowers are greenish star-shaped flowers in clusters. The growth rate is slow.

It will grow in full sun but does best with some afternoon shade or even dappled shade. Grow in moist fertile well-drained loams and give it protection from winds. It will tolerate some flooding but not drought.

Wheel Tree may be difficult to find for sale but could be used as a specimen shrub, understory tree or a tree for light shade.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Trochodendron
    Species:
    aralioides
    Family:
    Trochodendraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Japan, Korea, Taiwan
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Follicle
    Fruit Description:
    Woody star-shaped capsule composed of 4-11 follicles containing several seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Description:
    Separate male and female flowers. Male flowers are greenish and female purplish flowers on erect racemes in late spring with follicles in clusters
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are up to 6 inches long and 2-23/4 inches wide, ovate to elliptical with crenate margins. They are leathery and glossy and grow in whorls around the terminal bud with much of the branch bare. Dark green leaves with paler undersides. Fall color can be bronzy with reddish highlights.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Understory Tree