Plant DetailShow Menu

Cordatum Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum

Previously known as:

  • Philodendron bipinnatifidum
Description

Split Leaf Philodendron is an upright evergreen shrub that grows up to 6'6" and becomes decumbent with age. This plant will climb with adventitious roots. This plant is desired for its large, glossy, lobed green leaves on long petioles used as an indoor shrub specimen. In low light and over-watering will cause leaves to be smaller with fewer or no lobes. This plant can easily become too large for house potted plants. This plant prefers medium light, medium relative humidity and moist soil. This plant will tolerate low light for long periods. Grows in moist, well-drained soil high in organic matter. It can grow up to 15 feet tall in its native tropical habitat, but is typically much smaller when grown in a pot.  It is a semi-woody shrub that has the ability to climb if provided support.  Plants are often grown in pots and bought indoors when temperatures dip below 60 degrees F. This plant has no serious pest or disease problems.

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Relatively pest and disease free.   Aphids, mealybugs, scales, and spider mites are occasional problems. Root rot can occur in overly damp soil though they do not tolerate drought and full sun can cause leaf scorch.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are GIGANTIC, glossy, and heart-shaped
  • Leaves are deeply lobed and have long petioles
  • Stem is short and stipules are large
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#houseplant#container plant#interiorscape#large leaves#winter interest#interesting leaves#fantz#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#houseplant#container plant#interiorscape#large leaves#winter interest#interesting leaves#fantz#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#tropical feel
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Thaumatophyllum
    Species:
    bipinnatifidum
    Family:
    Araceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Bolivia to SE. & S. Brazil and NE. Argentina
    Distribution:
    Paraguay and southeastern Brazil
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are a berry that is white to orange or red in color.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Description:
    Seasonal bloomer with tiny white flowers with no petals arise on a spadix and a spathe that is enclosed with a red-purple spathe and rarely seen in cultivation. Flowers are unusual on indoor plants. Spadix is shorter than or equal to the spathe. The spathe forms a tube around the spadix and expands above the spadix to a hood. They are greenish-yellow in color.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Obtuse
    Leaf Margin:
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are alternate, simple, cordate, obtuse, sagittate, pinnatisect, have many deep lobes, have undulate or flat margins, coriaceous, glossy bright green, up to 2' in size. Petioles are equal in length to the leaf blade. Stipules are large, free, and lanceolate.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems are stout, green, and have prominent leaf scars and adventitious roots.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses