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Dwarf Sumac Rhus michauxii

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Dwarf Sumac:

Phonetic Spelling
RHOOS miss-SHOWKS-ee-eye
Description

Michaux's Sumac was historically unique to the Inner Coastal Plain and lower Piedmont of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. 

Its natural habitat includes dry, open, rocky, or sandy woodlands over bedrock with high levels of calcium, magnesium, or iron. It can be found growing in disturbed locations such as highway rights-of-way, roadsides, sites that have been damaged by fire, or at the edges of artificially maintained clearings.  

It will spread by suckers to form colonies.  These suckers can reach lengths of up to 20'.

Female flowers and male flowers are on separate plants.  Due to habitats being fragmented, often the male and female are isolated from each other.  This does not allow the plant to reproduce sexually.  Pollinators for this particular species have not been noted.  Existing populations of this plant are protected and managed to protect their future.  It is listed by both Federal and State as an endangered species.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Not recommended for home landscapes.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#native shrub#NC native#nighttime garden#deciduous tree#native#moth larvae
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#native shrub#NC native#nighttime garden#deciduous tree#native#moth larvae
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rhus
    Species:
    michauxii
    Family:
    Anacardiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North Carolina and South Carolina
    Distribution:
    FL, GA, NC, SC, VA
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for the Luna moth.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    Female plants have red compressed drupes. The seeds are often sterile.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    6-8 in. panicle of yellowish green flowers in summer; female plants have red compressed drupes
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, pinnate compound dark green leaves; 9 to 15 leaflets; yellow-orange to purplish red fall color
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young shoots have a reddish tinge.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Nighttime Garden
    Attracts:
    Moths