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Wild Azalea Rhododendron periclymenoides

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Rhododendron nudiflorum
Phonetic Spelling
rho-doh-DEN-dron per-ih-kly-men-OY-deez
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Rhododendron periclymenoides, commonly called pinxterbloom azalea, is a deciduous shrub that is native to moist woods, swamp margins and open areas from Massachusetts to South Carolina and Tennessee. It is a dense, bushy, suckering shrub that typically grows 2-6’ (less frequently to 10’) tall.  Its bark is gray to reddish-brown and finely shredded.

It does best with a half day of sun.  It has a slow growth rate.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Seasons of Interest:

   Bloom:   Early spring/spring           Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Rhododendrons are susceptible to insect and disease problems.  Insect problems include aphids, borers, lacebugs, leafhoppers, mealybugs, mites, nematodes, scale, thrips, and whitefly.  Diseases include canker, crown rot, root rot, leaf spot, rust, and powdery mildew.  Full sun can scorch the leaves and the roots rot if the soil does not drain well.   A healthy plant in the right place with proper maintenance should have few problems. This plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Formerly known as Rhododendron nudiflorum.

 

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Rhododendron.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#fragrant flowers#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#native shrub#hedges#specialized bees#fire#medium flammability#NC native#pollinator plant#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#deciduous#poisonous#fragrant flowers#wildlife plant#showy#nectar plant#native shrub#hedges#specialized bees#fire#medium flammability#NC native#pollinator plant#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rhododendron
    Species:
    periclymenoides
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Distribution:
    Massachusetts to South Carolina and Tennessee
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Hummingbirds and swallowtail butterflies are attracted to the blooms.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Heat, drought, and soil compaction tolerant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Elongated capsule. Displays from September to October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Clusters of soft pink (often cotton candy pink) to white to lavender, slightly fragrant, funnel-shaped flowers (to 1.5” across), each with 5 long curved stamens, bloom from March to May immediately preceding the emergence of the foliage.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Oblong to elliptic green leaves. The leaves are alternate, simple, smooth- or toothed-margined. It has dull yellow fall foliage.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Houseplants
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting (not in horses), diarrhea, weakness, cardiac failure
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Grayantoxin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No