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Rhaphiolepis indica

Previously known as:

  • Rhaphiolepis umbellata
Phonetic Spelling
raf-ee-oh-LEP-iss IN-dih-kuh
Description

Indian Hawthorn is an evergreen tree-like shrub that grows up to 12' and has a sympodial growth form. This plant blooms in mid-late spring. Fruits on this plant are the largest of the Rhaphiolepsis selections. Fruits are also ornamental and persist through winter; they are usually conspicuous due to size and clustering, but may be hard to see in foliage. In industry trade, most plants bear this name and cultivars cited with this species name are R. X delacourii.

It is often utilized in the coastal plains, as a specimen plant, in massing, in foundation planting, as a screen, in planters, in blanks, and as a hedge. It is not cold tolerant. This plant prefers full sun, it is tolerant of salt and shade, and is moderately drought-tolerant. It has pest and disease problems, and is frequently damaged by deer. Fungal diseases increase in shady moist southern sites.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves large, coriaceous, broad, serrate to entire, acuminate, reticulate below
  • Tree-likel evergreen shrub with sympodial growth
  • Inflorescence an open terminal panicle, flowers pinkish-white
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Clara'
  • 'Majestic Beauty'
    May be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Minor'
    May be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Pinkie'
    Dwarf form with bright pink flowers; may be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Snow White'
    Dwarf form with white flowers; may be listed under R. umbellata
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#full sun#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#shrub#container plant#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#winter interest#playground#showy fruits#hedges#fast growing#children's garden#foundation planting#blue fruits#screening#pollinator plant#black fruits#fantz#ornamental#nectar plant spring#bank#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Clara'
  • 'Majestic Beauty'
    May be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Minor'
    May be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Pinkie'
    Dwarf form with bright pink flowers; may be listed under R. umbellata
  • 'Snow White'
    Dwarf form with white flowers; may be listed under R. umbellata
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#full sun#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#specimen#shrub#container plant#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#winter interest#playground#showy fruits#hedges#fast growing#children's garden#foundation planting#blue fruits#screening#pollinator plant#black fruits#fantz#ornamental#nectar plant spring#bank#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Rhaphiolepis
    Species:
    indica
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South China to Indo-China and Temp. Eastern Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Pollinators are attracted to the nectar of the flowers.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Fragrance
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are subglobose berries that are less than an inch in size and are purplish-bluish-black in color. They persist into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are white and tinted pink towards the center. They are less than an inch in diameter. They have 5 petals, are obovate, clawed, and have 15-20 reddish-pink stamens. Inflorescence is a terminal, flat-topped, tomentose, open panicle up to 3" in diameter.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Obovate
    Obtuse
    Orbicular
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple, coriaceous, lanceolate to obovate to suborbicular, acuminate, entire to serrate, and up to 3" long. Leaves are lustrous dark green above, reticulate and dull green beneath clustered at the end of stem. They are tinged purple in the winter and new growth is gray-green to bronze in color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Twigs are stout, brown, streaked with grey, and pubescent at the tip. Piths are solid and green. They have sympodial growth.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Houseplants
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heavy Shade
    Salt
    Wind
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Frequent Insect Problems