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Quercus frainetto

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus frain-ET-oh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Italian Oak is native to Europe and can reach 100 ft tall in its native habitat. It is erect with a high, oval canopy and has large, attractive, deeply lobed leaves. It grows in heavy acidic soils and is native to the mountainous regions of the Balkans. It will tolerate most soils as long as they are well-drained and acidic.

This tree is cultivated in parks and large gardens in Europe. it can be difficult to find for sale in the USA.

Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Caterpillars, Insect Galls and Scales, Armillaria, Crown Rot, Mistletoe and Root Rot.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Hungarian Crown'
  • Quercus 'Schmidt'
    Shorter tree
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#partial shade#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#street tree#small mammals#deer resistant#acorns#woodland#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Hungarian Crown'
  • Quercus 'Schmidt'
    Shorter tree
Tags:
#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#partial shade#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#street tree#small mammals#deer resistant#acorns#woodland#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    frainetto
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE Europe and Turkey
    Wildlife Value:
    Mildly resistant to deer. Attracts birds and mammals for the acorns.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Cover/Habitat
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wildlife Nesting
    Edibility:
    Acorns (nuts) are edible after tannins are leached or boiled out
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 50 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    1.25 inch long light brown acorns are borne in groups of 2-5. The rough, scaly, hairy cups enclose 1/3 or more of the nut.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Separate male and female flowers on the same tree. Pollen flowers in drooping, elongated clusters
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Sinuate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    6-10 inch long leaves have 7-10 deep parallel lobes. The color is dark green above and pale yellow-green underneath with minute russet hairs. Fall color is an attractive russet.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Square
    Bark Description:
    The bark is first gray and smooth, later brown and fissured.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    The twigs are stout and covered with russet upward pointed hairs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if raw acorns or young leaves eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves