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Prunus avium

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PROO-nus AH-vee-um
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Prunus avium is a deciduous tree cultivated in landscapes.  Its leaves are alternate, simple, and toothed on the margin, with 2 small glands at base of blade.  It has 1-few flowers in a rounded cluster, 5-parted and white in color.  The fruit is a fleshy drupe, yellow or red with a large pit (stone).  It has occasionally escaped from gardens and naturalized in the landscape.

Poison Part: Wilted leaves, twigs (stems), seeds

Poison Delivery Mode: Ingestion

Edibility: EDIBLE PARTS: Fruit edible raw or cooked.

Severity: HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!

Found in: Landscape as cultivated tree, rarely escaping and naturalizing

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#fruit tree#edible fruits#edible
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#fruit tree#edible fruits#edible
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Prunus
    Species:
    avium
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Afghanistan, Northern Africa
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Fruit edible raw or cooked.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Poisonous
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Description:
    Fleshy, yellow or red, with a large pit (stone)
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    1-few in a rounded cluster, 5-parted
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Toothed on the margin, with 2 small glands at base of blade
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Gasping, weakness, excitement, pupil dilation, spasms, convulsions, coma, and respiratory failure.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Cyanogenic glycoside, amygdalin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Leaves
    Seeds
    Stems