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Planera aquatica

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PLAN-er-uh a-KWA-te-kuh
Description

Water elm is a native deciduous tree in the elm family.  This tree is slow-growing and has a long lifespan. It grows in sandy or gravelly, moist, seasonally wet soils of floodplains and swampy areas. Water Elm grows as a large shrub or small tree, usually with multiple stems, a short trunk and a low spreading crown.

 

It is categorized as an OBL or Obligate Wetland Species, meaning it almost always occurs in wetlands under natural conditions.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shrub#slow growing#wet sites#NC native#single trunk#swamps#bogs#wetland#long lifespan#obligate-wetland#Braham Arboretum#OBL#wet soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#shrub#slow growing#wet sites#NC native#single trunk#swamps#bogs#wetland#long lifespan#obligate-wetland#Braham Arboretum#OBL#wet soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Planera
    Species:
    aquatica
    Family:
    Ulmaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE USA
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Dutch elm disease
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-trunked
    Spreading
    Vase
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Moist
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The 1/2 inch fruit is a stalked leathery drupe with fleshy burr-like projections.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are very small with curling fuzzy stigmas.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    1 to 3 inches long, 1/2 to 1 inch wide, dark green above, paler below. Bases usually unequal.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Patchy
    Shredding
    Bark Description:
    Scaly, shredding, patchy and grayish-brown, some reddish where bark exfoliates.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Redish to gray-brown stems have hairs when young but become smooth with age.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Water Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Wet Soil