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Spruce Pine Pinus glabra

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Spruce Pine:

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus GLAY-bruh
Description

Beautiful oval-rounded crown with dark green needles.  The trunk is often bent and twisted.  The whorled branches of mature trees hold their branches to the ground.  It will grow in a variety of locations with the exception of areas with fine soils.  It has a low drought tolerance.

Starting in the summer, there is an abundance of seed produced, reseeding the surrounding areas.

This variety of pine is used as a Christmas tree.  Also makes good fuelwood.  

Canker diseases may occasionally cause dieback.  Infected branches can be pruned.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#wildlife plant#native tree#conifer#bonsai#clay tolerant#deer resistant#picturesque#acidic soil tolerant#alkaline soil tolerant#loam soil tolerant#sandy soil tolerant#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#wildlife plant#native tree#conifer#bonsai#clay tolerant#deer resistant#picturesque#acidic soil tolerant#alkaline soil tolerant#loam soil tolerant#sandy soil tolerant#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    glabra
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used as bonsai and christmas tree
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeast USA
    Distribution:
    Southern SC west to southern LA to northern FL
    Fire Risk Rating:
    high flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Squirrels and other mammals eat the seeds along with the Northern bobwhite.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Showy cones
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    .5 to 3 in. brown cones
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2 to 4 in. slightly twisted, dark green needles in bundles of 2
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Shredding
    Bark Description:
    Greyish brown bark, becoming dark reddish brown and scaly with maturity.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Slender, smooth, colored purple-red to red-brown. With age gray.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Shade Tree
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer