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Passiflora lutea

Phonetic Spelling
pass-ih-FLORE-uh LOO-tee-uh
Description

Eastern yellow passion flower is a native herbaceous vine in the Passifloraceae family.  The hardiest of the passion flower vine, it maintains its foilage in mild winters through zone 8b.  Fing it statewide in woodlands, forests, thickets, and maritime forests.  Tendrils along the stem allow the vine to climb to 20 feet in height without damaging any trellises or structures.

Plant this vine in fertile, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to partial shade.  To encourage robust root growth and ensure its return the following spring plants should be added to the ground as early in the growing season as possible.  

The bright green leaves are wider than they are long and softly lobed in three parts. The flowers are small, about 1 inch or less across, pale greenish-yellow to off-white, blooming in late summer to fall. The flowers are followed by small black berries that that are eaten by birds and mammals.

This vine is an important wildlife plant, attracting bees, butterflies, birds, and mammals while being resistant to damage by deer. It is happy in a container, will grow on a trellis or fence or sprawl on the ground, and is at home in a butterfly or pollinator garden.  In cold areas, containers may need to be brought indoors over the winter.  This plant is much better behaved in the garden than P. incarnata.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:

 

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#full sun tolerant#yellow flowers#fences#trellises#vines#summer flowers#deer resistant#native garden#long bloom time#pollinator plant#black fruits#larval host plant#food source fall#food source nectar#food source pollen#butterfly friendly#partial shade tolerant#pollinator garden#bee friendly#Audubon#julia butterfly#zebra longwing#gulf fritillary butterfly#variegated fritillary butterfly#container plant#zebra heliconia
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#full sun tolerant#yellow flowers#fences#trellises#vines#summer flowers#deer resistant#native garden#long bloom time#pollinator plant#black fruits#larval host plant#food source fall#food source nectar#food source pollen#butterfly friendly#partial shade tolerant#pollinator garden#bee friendly#Audubon#julia butterfly#zebra longwing#gulf fritillary butterfly#variegated fritillary butterfly#container plant#zebra heliconia
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Passiflora
    Species:
    lutea
    Family:
    Passifloraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and south central USA
    Distribution:
    AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. Host plant to the Gulf Fritillary, Zebra Heliconia, and Variegated Fritillary Butterfly. A pollen source for the passionflower bee (Anthemurgus passiflorae).
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Edibility:
    Flowers are edible. Best used as a garnish.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9a, 9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Dark purple, black to blue marble sized fruit displays from August to October and has a very bitter taste though they are enjoyed by birds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    1-inch unusual yellow flowers bloom from June to September.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are 3 lobed, 1-3 inches long and 3-6 inches wide. Sometimes leaves will have subtly variegation with silver in summer.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer