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Menispermum canadense

Phonetic Spelling
men-ih-SPER-mum ka-na-DEN-say
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Menispermum canadense is a dioecious, scrambling, twining (no tendrils), woody vine which will typically grow to 8-20' long when twining its way through the vegetation. Where no support structures are available, it will spread an indefinite length along the ground forming a dense ground cover rising to 12" tall. 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#NC native#vines#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#insects#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#NC native#vines#food source summer#food source fall#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#bird friendly#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#insects#Piedmont Mountains FACU#Coastal FACU#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Menispermum
    Species:
    canadense
    Family:
    Menispermaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used by many people groups for a variety of medicinal uses, particularly by the Cherokee
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Central & South East Canada to North East Mexico
    Distribution:
    Forest or natural areas, in moist woods
    Wildlife Value:
    The caterpillars of Plusiodonta compressipalpis (Moonseed Moth) sever the leaves of this vine, feeding on them after they become dry. The larvae of a long-horned beetle, Hyperplatys aspersa, bore through its wood, where they are found underneath the bark. Both the roots and foliage are toxic to mammalian herbivores.
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Mature drupes grow in grape-like clusters and become bluish black with a whitish bloom from July to October. Each fruit contains a single crescent-shaped seed, lending the plant its name. Their flavor is rank and unpleasant.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Occasionally, panicles of whitish to yellowish green flowers are produced along the non-woody stems. These panicles are up to 5" long and sometimes irregular in shape; they hang downward from the stems of this vine on long stalks. Grows separate male and female flowers. Blooms from May to August.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are alternate, simple, long-stalked, palmately lobed with shallow with rounded lobes.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young stems are green to brownish red and slightly hairy, while older stems become hairless and woody.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Predatory Insects
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Causes convulsions.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloid dauricine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots