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Ox-eye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Phonetic Spelling
lew-KAN-theh-mum vul-GAIR-ee
Description

Prefers well-drained soil in full sun though does tolerate some afternoon shade, particularly in hot, humid climates.  Plants spread by rhizomes and should be divided every 2-3 years to maintain vigor.  Deadhead flowers to encourage more blooms.  Works well planted in perennial beds and boders, in a cottage, wildflower, or night garden.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Aphids, mites and leaf miners are occasional visitors.  May be susceptible to verticillium wilt, leaf spots and stem rots.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#small spaces#drought tolerant#perennial#weedy#nectar plant#cut flowers#cottage garden#rabbit resistant#long-lasting flowers#summer flowers#deer resistant#nighttime garden#night#naturalizes#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#showy flowers#yellow#partial shade#small spaces#drought tolerant#perennial#weedy#nectar plant#cut flowers#cottage garden#rabbit resistant#long-lasting flowers#summer flowers#deer resistant#nighttime garden#night#naturalizes#spring interest#pollinator plant#wildflower garden#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Leucanthemum
    Species:
    vulgare
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Russian Far East and Caucasus
    Distribution:
    Found all over North America along roadsides disturbed areas
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Blooms May-August white rays with flattened yellow center disk flowers that resemble the eye of an ox, hence the common name.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Spatulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Basal, toothed, spatulate to ovate 1"-5" long leaves. Longer leaves at the base of the plant; smaller leaves may be pinnatifid.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Near Septic
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Dry Soil
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
    Weedy