Plant DetailShow Menu

Lavandula

Common Name(s):

Description

Lavendula is the lavender genus with about 47 species in the Lamiaceae (mint) family and is native to Europe. Flowers and leaf shapes will vary per species.  Size also varies and they may grow 1 to 4 feet tall and 1-2 feet wide. The entire plant is fragrant and the showy summer flowers are a bee magnet.

This plant prefers to grow in cool summer areas and may struggle in the southeast. Be sure to give it very well-drained soil and some protection from the hot afternoon sun and it may come back in the spring for you. It can be grown in a rock garden, pollinator garden, edible garden or containers


Prune this plant to 4-6 inches when all chance of frost is past. This will encourage a bushier and compact appearance. Prune the flowers when they are getting old to prevent the plant from becoming too woody.

Lavender is widely used in perfumes, soaps, lotions and in herbal medicine. It can be usedto make teas and as a flavoring.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Susceptible to leaf spot and root rot if the soil is too wet.

VIDEO created by Andy Pulte for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy and Morphology” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee.

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#teas#pollinator plant#subshrub#partial shade tolerant#bee friendly#edible#herb#sun#good drainage#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#teas#pollinator plant#subshrub#partial shade tolerant#bee friendly#edible#herb#sun#good drainage#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Lavandula
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Has been used in herbal medicine. Also for decorations as dried flowers
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Good nectar plant for bees and butterflies
    Edibility:
    Teas can be made from the plant or used as a spice
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are non-ornamental dry capsules.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers vary per species but usually occur in whorls on spikes above the foliage. They are purple to lilac with some cultivars being white. The calyx and corolla are tubular with 5 lobes.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves vary per species. They are usually gray-green with fine hairs. They can be simple, pinnately toothed or multiple pinnate and dissected. Leaves contain essential oils.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Square green-gray stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    English Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Rabbits