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Iron Tree Ixora coccinea

Phonetic Spelling
ick-SOR-uh kock-SIN-ee-uh
Description

This woody, evergreen, flowering shrub native of southeast Asia has become popular in Florida, but does not tolerate temperatures below 50 degrees and may die back in other zones.  It can regenerate in the spring or be grown in containers and brought indoors in the winter.  However, it may become susceptible to indoor problems such as scale, thrips and mealybugs.

It grows in a bushy, rounded form with 4" long, glossy, dark evergreen leaves and summer blooms of 4 petaled red flowers in 5" wide cymes. The fruits are round and dark purple to black.  Ixora prefers full sun in moist, well-drained, acidic but organically rich soils.  It can tolerate small amounts of shade in the afternoon heat.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#shrub#acidic soil#red flowers#yellow flowers#orange flowers#moist soil#well-drained soil#full sun flowers#shrub border#bright colors#evergreen shrub#loam#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#sun#shrub#acidic soil#red flowers#yellow flowers#orange flowers#moist soil#well-drained soil#full sun flowers#shrub border#bright colors#evergreen shrub#loam#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ixora
    Species:
    coccinea
    Family:
    Rubiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western & South India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh to Indo-China
    Play Value:
    Colorful
    Screening
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2-5" loose corymb cymes
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Glossy, dark green leaves up to 6" long.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    woody
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No