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Topal Holly Ilex x attenuata 'Savannah'

Other plants called Topal Holly:

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks at-ten-yoo-AY-tuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Ilex x attenuata is a naturally growing evergreen shrub or small tree that is a hybrid cross of I. cassine (Dahoon) and I. opaca (American Holly). It was initially found growing wild in Florida in the 1920's, but is now found throughout the southeastern United States where both parents are native. Unlike the conical form of its I. x attenuata parent, the 'Savannah' cultivar has a narrow, columnar to open pyramidal form. It was discovered by W. H. Robertson, Commissioner of Parks in Savannah, Georgia. It typically grows as a 20 to 30 foot tree, 15 feet wide. The 4 inch long leaves are sparsely-spined, light green, elliptic to ovate, broad and paper thin. Abundant, pea-sized, red fruits appear in fall and persist over winter. The greenish-white spring flowers are inconspicuous. ‘Savannah’ is a very popular landscape plant and makes a great landscape choice.

The 'Savannah' Holly grows best in acidic, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Although the best fruit production occurs in full sun, these plants do well with some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. You should site the plant where it can be protected from cold winter winds and the soil is well drained. Mulch helps retain soil moisture and deter weed growth. Prune in winter to maintain a desired size, although keep in mind that the plant flowers on new growth. Plants are dioecious (separate male and female plants) and, in order to set fruit, female plants will need a nearby male pollinator. Plants can suffer from the cold in USDA Zone 5 and below.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: 

May be affected by leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot, and powdery mildew.  There can also be issues with leaf drop, leaf scorch, and chlorosis.  Insects can include holly leaf miner, spider mites, scale, whitefly, and spittlebugs.

More information on Ilex x attenuata.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#evergreen#wildlife plant#winter interest#hedges#food source wildlife#bird friendly#winter fruits
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#evergreen#wildlife plant#winter interest#hedges#food source wildlife#bird friendly#winter fruits
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    cassine x opaca
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Florida
    Distribution:
    Southeastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Winter food sources for birds and wildlife. Fruits are attractive to birds. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Colorful
    Shade
    Textural
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    Use caution. Human consumption of berries can cause minor toxic reaction.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Birds are attracted to the fruit. The plant produces an abundance of showy, florescent, red fruit that provides ornamental interest in fall and winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The green-white flowers in spring on new growth are inconspicuous.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Light green leaves are up to 4 inches long, broad, and paper thin. Provide winter interest.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Vertical Spaces
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Pollution
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Minor toxicity. Ingestion may cause vomiting, diarrhea, or other illness in humans.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Saponins
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits