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Mapleleaf Waterleaf Hydrophyllum canadense

Phonetic Spelling
hy-droh-FIL-um ka-na-DEN-see
Description

Although there are several common names for this plant, Broad-leaf Waterleaf is the most common.  The common name maple-leaf waterleaf comes from the shape of its leaves.  Its Palmate leaves are compound with smaller leaflets attached at a common point.  

Considered extremely rare and threatened, this woodland perennial is found in moist, high organic matter forests, bottom lands, edges of forests, thickets, and along rocky stream banks.  

In late spring, several white to lavender blossoms growing in a cluster can be found below the uppermost leaves.  Hairy filaments give the cluster a fuzzy appearance.  The clusters of blooms have been said to resemble an exquisite lace work.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#stream banks#food source#groundcover#forests#woodland#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#FACU Piedmont Mountains#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#stream banks#food source#groundcover#forests#woodland#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#Coastal FACW#FACU Piedmont Mountains#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hydrophyllum
    Species:
    canadense
    Family:
    Boraginaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts native bees and bumblebees.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Shade
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 10 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 4 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Herb
    Perennial
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmatifid
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Young leaves have a mottled pattern of silver. Leaves are veined.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators