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Helianthus tuberosus

Phonetic Spelling
heel-ee-AN-thus too-ber-OH-sus
Description

Jerusalem Artichoke is a perennial root vegetable in the sunflower family.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Vegetable No-Till Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hairy leaves#perennial vegetable
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hairy leaves#perennial vegetable
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Helianthus
    Species:
    tuberosus
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    First cultivation of this food was by Native Americans.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Edibility:
    Root tubers are edible raw or cooked and they resemble ginger root. They contain a high amount of inulin fiber.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Vegetable
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Yellow heads 2"-4"
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Opposite, rough hairy leaves up to 12" long growing smaller s they go up the stem
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No