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Helianthus maximiliani

Phonetic Spelling
hee-lee-AN-thus maks-ih-mill-ee-ANE-ee
Description

Helianthus maximiliani is a prairie sunflower named after Prince Maxmilian of Germany, a naturalist who lead an expedition to the West from 1832 to 1834.

The Maxmillian Sunflower prefers moist, clay-like soil but is tolerant of a wide variety of soils. It is easily grown from seed and taller plants may benefit from staking.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#yellow#birds#summer#native perennial#cottage garden#clay soil#moist soil#spreading#deer resistant#butterfly garden#cutting garden#sandy soil tolerant#pollinator plant#clumping
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#yellow#birds#summer#native perennial#cottage garden#clay soil#moist soil#spreading#deer resistant#butterfly garden#cutting garden#sandy soil tolerant#pollinator plant#clumping
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Helianthus
    Species:
    maximiliani
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    midcontinental prairie regions of North America
    Distribution:
    The United States and Canada, particularly throughout the MidWest US and southern provinces of Canada
    Wildlife Value:
    Numerous species of birds eat the seeds, and it provides nectar to bees and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Wildlife Food Source
    Edibility:
    This sunflower provides food for birds and livestock.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Radial
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Flower heads grow on terminal stalks and from leaf axils. The flower head, with 15-19 ray flowers, is deeply veined and slightly toothed on the tip. The green to dark brown center is 1 inch across.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Rough
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are long and narrow, slightly wavy or toothed on the edges, often folded lengthwise and pointed at the end. They vary in length from up to 10 inches at the bottom to 2 inches at the top. Before this plant loses its leaves in the winter, the leaves may turn purple during fall weather.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Erosion
    Poor Soil